Egyptian Goddesses and Gods 

 

            

Goddesses


        

 


 Nut

The Goddess Nut is the wife and sister of Geb and the mother of Isis,

Osiris, Seth and Nephthys.  Nut is the Goddess of the Sky and is mostly

depicted with her body stretched over the Earth, her hands and feet at the

cardinal points.

 Her colours are the indigo of the night sky and the silver lights of the

stars.



Isis

Isis is the embodiment of the Divine Mother.  She is often represented

by a hieroglyphic throne symbol that indicates her royal bearing or

her influence over the kingship of Egypt.

Sometimes she is seen to wear a crown of cow horns to represent her

maternal power.  Isis is the daughter of the Earth God Geb and the Sky

Goddess Nut.  She is the sister and consort of Osiris, who ruled over the

Earth with her at his side until his demise.

The colour associated with Isis is bright blue.



Bastet

Bastet is normally depicted as a Cat.  However, earlier versions of her

indicate that she was originally a lioness with a vicious vengeful

nature.  She is often represented as a woman with a cat's head.

Bastet is thought by some traditions to have been the daughter of Isis and

Osiris and the sister of Horus.

The Hieroglyph of her name is the symbol for a sealed alabaster perfume

jar.  Perfume would have been an important part of the ritual purity

involved in her cult. 

Her colour is Turquoise.



Hathor

Hathor is a universal Cow Goddess who is associated with childbirth.

It is said that her womb protected the hawk God Horus and her name

literally means 'mansion of Horus'.  She is mostly depicted as a woman

who wears a wig, a crown of cow horns and a sun disc on her head.

She is also shown as a 'great wild cow' or as a pillar with a human face, a

wig and the ears of a cow.  Like Isis she is sometimes described as the

mother of the Pharaoh and is therefore associated with birthright

and the right to rule.

Hathor is a senual Goddess of love, music and beauty.

Her colours are deep oranges, pinks and peaches.



Maat

Maat is depicted as a woman wearing an ostrich feather on her head,

or sometimes she is symbolized by the ostrich feather alone.

Normally Maat is shown standing but on some occasions she is winged

and sitting on her heals.  Pharaohs invested themselves with the right

to govern by claiming that their rulership upheld the laws of the

universe that Maat embodied.  The wisdom of this Goddess was crucial

to the assessment of the dead, allowing those with a blameless life to

enter paradise.  Her influence rules legal matters and brings sound

judgement, maintaining order and balance in the world.  Maat's existance

made life, and continuing life after death, possible.

Her colours are Whites and Mauves.



Nephthys

Nephthys is the Goddess of Preservation, often described as 'the

lady of the mansion'.  She is the sister of Seth, Isis and Osiris, and before

the murder of Osiris she is also Seth's consort.  She is quite a mysterious

Goddess as not much is known about her.  Nephthys is a funerary

Goddess, so she is often concerned with the preservation and

protection of the body after death.  She embodies the healing power

of grief as well as the gentle guardianship of others.  She helps us to

retreat from life in order to grieve, reflect, receive new insights and

recharge our energies when they are depleted. 

Her colours are muted greens and silvery greys.



Anat

Anat is a warrior Goddess and originates from the coast of Syria.

She is depicted with a high crown flanked with plumes and she

carries a shield, lance and battle axe.   According to some legends

Anat is one of the wifes of Seth and others portray her as sister

and sexual partner to Baal, God of stormy weather.  She is seen

as a protectress with the courage and determination of an

avenging angel.  Anat is also a fertility Goddess and has been linked to

the God Min.  Anat brought prosperity to the land and peoples

that worshipped her.

Her colour is Red.



Heket

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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